Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with the rhythm? A. Sostenuto B. Rubato C. Allegretto D. Moderato

  1. Wagner drew on _______ for his opera The Ring of the Nibelungs.
    A. religious dogma
    B. Roman mythology
    C. northern European mythology
    D. Greek mythology
    2. Which opera was written to celebrate the opening of the Suez Canal?
    A. Rigoletto
    B. Aida
    C. Il Trovatore
    D. Requiem
    3. In Brahms’ Symphony no. 4 in E Minor, the composer derived much of the form and theme from the
    A. Baroque era.
    B. music of the Renaissance.
    C. music of the Middle Ages.
    D. Classical era.
    4. Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s “Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs” was written for
    A. orchestra.
    B. string quartet.
    C. chamber orchestra.
    D. piano.
    5. Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with the rhythm?
    A. Sostenuto
    B. Rubato
    C. Allegretto
    D. Moderato
    6. A raga solo always begins with the sounding of tones in _______ motion.
    A. ascending
    B. descending
    C. octaval
    D. atonal
    7. Which of the following composers helped the United States establish its own musical sound by drawing
    on cultural idioms?
    A. Verdi
    B. Wagner
    C. Brahms
    D. Dvořák
    8. In response to the outbreak of the Civil War, which composer wrote a solo piano piece that incorporated
    the “Star Spangled Banner,” “Hail Columbia,” and “Yankee Doodle” into the work?
    A. Dvořák
    B. Gottschalk
    C. Mendelssohn
    D. Brahms
    9. To show his intense national pride, _______ wrote a large number of mazurkas.
    A. Verdi
    B. Chopin
    C. Dvořák
    D. Shankar
    10. Which composer is thought to epitomize Romanticism?
    A. Dvořák
    B. Chopin
    C. Gottschalk
    D. Schumann
    11. The various melodies heard in Dvořák’s “String Quartet in F Major” have a/an _______ quality.
    A. folk-like
    B. jazz-like
    C. Bach-like
    D. operetta
    12. The styles of singing in Wagner and Verdi operas differ. Jane says that the style of singing in a Verdi
    opera is virtuosic and elaborate. Lynn says that the style of singing in a Wagner opera is more syllabic.
    Who is correct in describing the different styles of singing?
    A. Only Lynn is correct.
    B. Both Jane and Lynn are correct.
    C. Neither Jane nor Lynn is correct.
    D. Only Jane is correct.
    13. During the nineteenth century, harmony became
    A. more discordant.
    B. highly important in program music.
    C. more chromatic.
    D. a large-scale structural element.
    14. In opera, a brief musical phrase or idea connected to some person, event, or idea is known as a/an
    A. overture.
    B. leitmotif.
    C. ode.
    D. exposition.
    15. The third movement of Dvořák’s “String Quartet in F Major” contains a light-hearted passage in a fast
    tempo and in triple meter called a
    A. scherzo.
    B. rondo.
    C. variation.
    D. prelude.

16. Ravi Shankar is known for his mastery of the 18-stringed lute called the
A. sitar.
B. ragar.
C. table.
D. jhala tar.
17. _______ exemplifies the best elements of nineteenth-century Italian opera.
A. Pagliacci
B. Rigoletto
C. La Boheme
D. La Traviata
18. The _______ measures musical time using a pendulum.
A. intermezzo
B. metronome
C. timbrephone
D. lyre
19. A single pair of notes played repeatedly in succession is known as a/an
A. drone bass.
B. hee haw.
C. a capella.
D. sotto voce.
End of exam
20. In Verdi’s La Traviata, Violetta sings _______ when unsure of herself.
A. in a lower key
B. in recitative
C. an aria
D. a virtuoso

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