OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
Critical analysis research article review paper
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
CRITICAL THINKING JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW PAPER & PRESENTATION
Assignment : Select a journal article related to occupational safety and health. Your selection must be from a professional journal. Professional journal articles
are peer reviewed. Your written review should follow and be labeled according to a standard scientific format: Introduction, Methods and Materials, Results,
Discussion. In the Introduction be sure to include the objectives of the article and why it was relevant to you. Why did you choose this article and what did you hope
to learn from it? In the Discussion be sure to include the conclusions that can be made based on the article. Did the article provide sufficient evidence to make good
conclusions? Identify what if any gaps might exist, or additional research that might be necessary in order to make valid conclusions. Did the article provide you
with answers or more questions? Were sufficient references cited and were they current and from a variety of sources? Is the author affiliated with a university,
corporation, or agency? Who supplied funding support for the research? Are there other biases that should be identified? All of these questions are to be answered in
your paper or your score will be reduced.
If there are graphs, charts or pictures in your paper make certain that you reference the source and discuss the material within the context of your paper. The paper
should be free of misspelled words and use proper grammar and punctuation. Improper spelling and grammar detract from your paper and will result in a lower grade. I
highly recommend that you use a spell checker and have someone proof your paper or read the paper out loud. You must submit an original printed copy. Handwritten and
poor quality photoduplicated copies are not acceptable. You may photoduplicate charts, graphs, pictures, etc. that you incorporate into your paper. The paper should
be double-spaced. Pages should be consecutively numbered. The written paper should not exceed 6 pages.
A copy of the article should be submitted with your paper. I expect college-level quality writing: legible and proofread. If there are a significant number of errors
or if it is difficult to read, the assignment will be returned to you prior to grading for changes. In most cases, your assignment will then be late and docked points.
Periodicals, Journals, Magazines
Q: What is the difference between a periodical, a journal, and a magazine and what difference does it make which one I use?
A: A “periodical” is any publication that comes out regularly (i.e. periodically, get it?). Sports Illustrated, The Journal of Anthropological Research, The World
Almanac are all periodicals.
A “magazine” is a periodical with a popular focus, i.e. aimed at the general public, and containing news, personal narratives, and opinion. Articles are often written
by professional writers with or without expertise in the subject; they contain “secondary” discussion of events, usually with little documentation (e.g. footnotes).
Magazines use vocabulary understandable to most people, and often have lots of eye-catching illustrations. Time, Newsweek, U.S. News & World Report, and Psychology
Today are magazines
A “journal” is a scholarly periodical aimed at specialists and researchers. Articles are generally written by experts in the subject, using more technical language.
They contain original research, conclusions based on data, footnotes or endnotes, and often an abstract or bibliography. The Journal of Physical Chemistry and New
England Journal of Medicine are examples of journals.
It’s important to understand the differences between journals and magazines. Magazines are not necessarily bad or low quality (nor are journals necessarily high
quality) — they simply aren’t designed to support most upper-level academic research. This is because they don’t document their sources of information, and they
generally lack the depth of scholarly journals.
The table below highlights the differences.
Journals – Scholarly Magazines – Popular
Content Detailed report or original research or experiment. Secondary report or discussion; may include personal narrative, opinion, anecdotes
Author Authors credentials are given; usually a scholar with subject expertise Author may or may not be named; often a professional writer; may or may not have
Audience Scholars, researchers, and students General public; the interested non-specialist
Language Specialized terminology or jargon of the field; requires prior knowledge Vocabulary in general usage; understandable to most readers
Layout & Organization Formal organization often begins with an abstract of the article; if reporting experimental findings notes the experiments purpose,
methodology, and analysis of the results; a conclusion, and a bibliography; may include charts or graphs, but rarely photographs. Informal organization: eye-
catching type and formatting, usually includes illustrations or photographs. May not intend to present an idea with supporting evidence or come to a conclusion
Bibliography & References Required. All quotes and facts can be verified. Rare. Scanty, if any, information about sources.
Examples Developmental Psychology
JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association
The words “journal” or “review” often appear in the title Harpers, Newsweek,
Almost anything available in a store or news stand
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